Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits, Northern Mindanao: First Quarter 2019 (Preliminary Results)

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Number of constructions from approved building permits declines

The total number of constructions from approved building permits in the first quarter of 2019 for Northern Mindanao reached 2,014. This reflects a decrease of 14.0 percent from the 2,341 constructions recorded in the same quarter of 2018.  (Table A)

Residential has the highest number of constructions

By type of construction, residential reported the highest number of constructions during the quarter which totaled 1,601 or 79.5 percent of the total number of constructions. This number is equivalent to an 18.3 percent drop from its corresponding number in 2018. Majority (94.7%) of the residential constructions were single-type houses.  (Table A and Figure 1)

Similarly, the number of non-residential constructions that accounted for 340 or 16.9 percent of the total constructions posted a 5.6 percent decrease from the 360 constructions recorded in the same period of the previous year. Non-residential constructions were largely comprised of commercial buildings (61.2%).

The number of additions to existing structures (12 or 0.6%) doubled from the same quarter a year ago. On the other hand, the combined number of alterations and repairs of existing structures (61 or 3.0%) increased almost four-fold from the same period a year ago.



Number of constructions is highest in Misamis Oriental

In terms of number of constructions, Misamis Oriental ranked first with   750 constructions or 37.2 percent share to total. Bukidnon with 444 constructions (22.0%) ranked next. Misamis Occidental, Lanao del Norte and Camiguin followed with 19.1 percent, 11.8 percent and 9.8 percent shares to total constructions, respectively.  (Figure 2)

Value of constructions reached PhP 2.9 billion

In the first quarter of 2019, the total value of constructions amounted to PhP 2.9 billion, an increase of 23.6 percent from the same quarter a year ago.  (Table A)

Construction value of non-residential buildings amounted to PhP 1.7 billion or 58.6 percent of the total, a 24.0 percent growth from the same quarter a year ago.  (Figure 3)

On the other hand, value of residential constructions amounted to PhP 1.1 billion (39.5%), a growth of 19.6 percent from the same period of last year.



Non-residential constructions posts the highest average cost per square meter

The average cost per square meter was valued at PhP 8,991, an increase of 18.5 percent from its corresponding cost (PhP 7,586) in the same quarter of the previous year.  (Table A.1)

Among types of constructions, non-residential had the highest average cost per square meter (PhP 9,792) which is equivalent to a 27.0 percent increase from the previous year’s corresponding average cost. This was followed by additions to existing structures (PhP 8,345) and residential constructions (PhP 7,706).




(Chief Administrative Officer)




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This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits for the first quarter of 2019.

Scope and Coverage

Construction statistics presented in this special release are based on approved building permits on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures which are proposed to be constructed in all cities/municipalities of the region.

Sources of Information

Construction statistics are generated from approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs).


  1. Data on building constructions are based on approved applications for construction during the reference period and not on the construction work completed during the reference period.
  1. The completeness of construction data relies on the approved applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.

Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)

Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).

Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.

Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.

Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.

Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e., bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut, etc.

Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.

Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.

Accessoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.

Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.

Other residential construction consists of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.

Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.

Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e., stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.

Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e., factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.

Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.

Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.

Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.

Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.

Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.

Renovation is any physical change made on structures to increase the value, quality and to improve the aesthetic.

Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.

Conversion is a change in the use or occupancy of structure or any portion thereof, which has different requirements.

Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.

Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.

Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.

Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.


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