Highlights of the Consumer Price Index in Northern Mindanao for the Month November 2020 (2012=100)

Reference Number: 

PSAX-SR-2020-33

Release Date: 

Tuesday, December 29, 2020

The price of a basket of goods in November 2020 is higher than its price in 2012 by 28.9 percent

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) in Northern Mindanao for the month of November 2020 registered at 128.9 which implies that the price of a basket of goods in November 2020 was 28.9 percent higher than its price in 2012.  The CPI is an indicator of the change in the average retail prices of a fixed basket of goods and services commonly purchased by households relative to a base.  (Figure 1)

Among the commodity groups, Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco posted the highest CPI in November 2020 at 242.8, followed by Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas, and Other Fuels at 143.5, and Health at 134.6. On the other hand, Transport at 115.1, Recreation and Culture at 114.1, and Communication at 106.5 were the three commodity groups with the lowest CPI recorded in the month of November 2020. (See Figure 2)

INFLATION RATE
 
Regional inflation decreased at 2.4 percent in November 2020
 
Regional inflation in November 2020 accelerated at 2.4 percent compared to the 1.1 percent inflation rate in the same period of the previous year. The faster inflation rate in November 2020 implies that prices in November 2020 increased at a faster pace compared to the prices in November 2019.  (Figure 3)
 
 

Misamis Occidental posted the highest inflation rate of 3.9 percent year-on-year

In terms of inflation rate in November 2020, Misamis Occidental registered the highest inflation rate of 3.9 percent.  Bukidnon, on the other hand, posted the lowest inflation rate of 1.8 percent.

All provinces registered higher inflation rates in November 2020 as compared to the same month a year ago. This means that, in all provinces of Northern Mindanao, prices in November 2020 increased at a faster rate than prices in November 2019.  (Figure 4)

PURCHASING POWER OF PESO (PPP)
 
The Purchasing Power of Peso (PPP) shows the real value of the peso relative to the base period. The PPP in Northern Mindanao was posted at PhP 0.78 in November 2020. This means that a consumer’s PhP 100 in 2012 can only purchase PhP 78 worth of goods and services in November 2020.  (Figure 5) 
 
All provinces showed a lower PPP in November 2020 compared to November 2019. Camiguin and Misamis Occidental posted the highest decline of 0.03 pesos, followed by Lanao del Norte which declined by 0.02 pesos.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RUBEN D. ABARO, JR., CESE
Regional Director
 
 
 
SSB
 
For further inquiries, you may contact: 
Statistical Operations and Coordination Division 
Philippine Statistics Authority - Regional Statistical Services Office 10 
3F Limketkai Module 2 BPO & Cyberpark Building
Rosario Crescent, Lapasan, Cagayan de Oro City
 
 
TECHNICAL NOTES
 
Consumer Price Index (CPI) – The CPI is an indicator of the changes in the average retail prices of a fixed basket of goods and services commonly purchased by households relative to a base year.
 
Used of CPI – CPI is most widely used in the calculation of the inflation rate and purchasing power of peso. It is a major statistical series used for economic analysis and as a monitoring indicator of government economic policy.
 
Computation of CPI – The computation of the CPI involves consideration of the following important points:
 
a. Base Period – The reference data or base period is the benchmark or reference date or period at which the index is taken as equal to100.
 
b. Market Basket – A sample of the thousands of varieties of goods purchased for consumption and services availed by the households in the country selected to represent the composite price behavior of all goods and services purchased by consumers.
 
c. Weighing System – The weighing pattern uses the expenditures on various consumer items purchased by households as a proportion to total expenditure.
 
d. Formula – The formula used in computing the CPI is the weighted arithmetic mean of price relatives, the Laspeyre’s formula with a fixed base year period (2012) weights.
 
e. Geographic Coverage – CPI values are computed at the national, regional, and provincial levels, and for selected cities.
 
Inflation Rate (IR) – is the rate of change of the CPI expressed in percent. Inflation is interpreted in terms of declining purchasing power of peso.
 
Purchasing Power of Peso (PPP) – shows how much the peso in the base period is worth in the current period. It is computed as the reciprocal of the CPI for the period under review multiplied by 100.
 

 

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